Currently, there is a push for online education from many higher learning institutions; however, many are looking towards Hybrid Education as a source of alternative educational means that might make more sense, and have more advantages than the full-time switch over.
Hybrid learning refers to a course whose curriculum is a mixture of traditional in-class instruction and learning activities found online. Ideally, it is a blending of both kinds of teaching and instruction at their best. Meaningful relationships are made with teachers and classmates and educational learning is taking place online (Fanter, 2010).
Person teaching through the internet
Hybrid teachers like internet instructors must make their classes ready for the internet. However, in their case, their class content is more effective than both classroom and online because students can get the best of both worlds: Researching of content instead of note-taking, plus active-learning such as group-projects and case studies.
Hybrid instruction outweighs both individual methods of meeting educational needs. Some of the benefits are that Hybrid instruction frees up campus traffic and classroom space, it also helps improve writing and computer skills as part of the ‘unintended’ benefits. However, its greatest benefits take place in the classroom and on the computer. It encourages time management, critical-thinking skills, problem-solving, and self-directed learning; for both students and teachers this promotes ‘active learning’ and the result is subject mastery or knowledge (2010).
U.S. News (2015) gave some more advantages of hybrid learning two years ago as its popularity was catching on.
They pointed out that hybrid learning gave students time, and alternative methods of communicating, networking, and interacting with other students. Students in K-12 who might not ever work together or socially associate in public settings have the opportunity to work together in a virtual world. Additionally, this covers the best of four global trends: awareness of different races, use of technology, hybrid learning, and effective teaching.
Child learning through the internet
The possibility of K-12 education transitioning to hybrid education is not a feasible idea for another few decades until the home computer is available in every home; however, it already happens in almost every college and university across the United States and first world countries.
Hybrid classes have become so popular, that most college catalogs often must list two different styles of Hybrids.
1. Hybrid (Class heavy) – where there is a majority of class time.
2. Hybrid (Lab Heavy) – where the majority of the time is spent in the lab.
In both cases, a course guide, description, and syllabus are made available to the student, and the student is required to meet all requirements, including participating in required attendance. If there is any confusion, students should clarify at the beginning of each class term, and never forget to handle all class expectations. It is also still the college student’s job to E-mail the college professor at the beginning of the course should questions arise and maintain a high level of proactivity.
Seemingly, the only downfall of Hybrid education is the lack of a recognized standard for the structure. Hybrid classes have pedagogical flexibility giving the instructor full determination on learning goals, content, objectives, activities, and available resources.
It is also the determination of the instructor of how much time is spent in the classroom and how much time will be spent online.
This type of pedagogy is not suggested for K-12 education; for this type of learning system to be in place in K-12 education, the instructor would have to add recognized standards to the lesson plans for it even to be accepted into the curriculum. Teachers of K-12 at secondary level who wanted to score Exemplary might consider going the extra mile and creating an extra class-type and proving how this would work and does work.
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The 21st century’s world citizens hail global trends in educational systems, and educational courses around the computer. Parents, educators, administrators, and world leaders are all concerned about the worlds educational needs. Automation and technology are now, and will continue to be leading industries in the United States. With that knowledge, classes in both of these future trends should be a priority.
The world sees technology as part of a learning pedagogy because of its possible positive influences on effectiveness, student-centered learning, and time-management.
One might say that the roles have not been replaced, but improved upon if used correctly. That technology and computers are supposed to work together and improve not hinder my child’s:
- Independent Learning
- Engagement of parental units
- Focus on Staff and Student punctuality
- Extended learning times (2017)
Woman searching on oogleg
Personal interaction is still in a small way prevalent, yet these trends exist as a way to use this, not as a sole distributor of education but as a contributor. Either way, the use of technology has become part of many states’ educational and tested standards and has been added to the curriculum. Teachers in K-12 are supposed to use some form of technology as part of the daily class routine. Unless, of course, your child decides to go a different route and registers for online courses which are now even available to high school students.
Automation as a field of study is understood, but as a replacement for a human teacher, no matter how highly technologically advanced, is not something that can be educationally sound on any level and certainly not in K-12 grades. A flipped classroom has been tried in which a video of a teacher is watched as an alternative technological method, but education leaders argue that teachers will always be needed. Their presence is required to help comprehend issues and help understand the material and answer any questions about this material. The teacher can also become a tutor, facilitator, and spend more one-on-one time with students (2017).
A great example of which both education and technology used
The key to successful use of technology in education and not allowing total automation is the acknowledgment in the necessity of educators and the correct planning of the technological advancements and the role technology will play (USDOE, 2017). In 2017, The United States Department of Education published a National Update Reimagining the Role of Technology. The topics of inclusion are Learning – Engaging and Empowering Learning through Technology; Teaching- Teaching with Technology: Leadership- Creating a Culture and Condition; Assessment- Measuring for Learning; Infrastructure – Enabling Access and Effective Use. It is obvious that the Department of Education thinks that technology and understanding all its possibilities is important to the educational needs of our students.
It is this publication that reaffirms that important aspects of technology in education will always be necessary. It is an important tool, affirming relationships between teachers and students, adapting learning experiences for all students, and reinventing approaches to learning and working together. Every educator should be using technology and familiarizing him or herself with all possible technological advances in the educational world before the educator is left behind. Likewise, policymakers in the education fields need to prepare for the inevitable changes, and create courses and curriculums that teach how to maintain the software and instruments of the new technology and automation.
As early as middle school more STEM programs need to be made available, secondary schools need to have more in-trade school students, and code literate students in their vocational training.
Colleges need to become more affordable and grants and scholarships more accessible (Cook, 2015).
The answer to the whirlwind and upheaval of the new century of technological and automation breakthroughs for the world of education is to ‘gear up’ and make ready for generations of students who will be needing jobs, and the future is set for jobs in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics.
Middle schools, high schools, and colleges need to set their primary goals on creating courses fit for educating and meeting those needs. Only in this manner are we going to be able to bridge the unemployment gap and the low educational statistic gap.
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Upon doing an internet search for Changes in Global Education Trends, it seemed everyone, in every field and every walk of life seemed to have an opinion and a blog about the subject, and with good reason as the area of Education Trends in the U.S. is a topic of conversation globally. In simple terms, the Education trends for the U.S. have always been:
- Testing & Assessment
- Sizes of classroom and schools
- Equality in Education
- School Funding
- Gender Recognition in Schools
- School Choice, Management
- Teacher Assessment and Quality
Merging of technology and media
A newer trend arising is the merging of technology and media in all cultures across the world and this is something that is markedly altering the method by which we learn and discover around the globe and how we question the very fundamentals of education (CML, 2017).
Looking at what the Center for Media Literacy considers to be the world’s education trends and issues, we see a list of titles that includes topic areas such as:
Empowerment through Education: The acknowledgment that higher education affords students a higher socioeconomic status as an adult and opens them to further possibilities post-secondary school; and expressing the importance of finishing high school (CML,2017).
How to Use Technology to Make You More Aware and Alive: Technology is one of the top fields of employment at present and in the future, and a higher education is needed to obtain a position in this field (Byrne, n/a).
Learning with Technology: Proof that technology supports learning (Marshall, 2017).
What we Know about Young Children, TV and Media Violence: What experts have learned about the effects of TV on young children (CML, 2017).
As we more deeply explore the subject of global trends or Megatrends the future vision of educators is focused primarily on economic and employment demands and the individual’s priorities for the future. According to the British Council, while megatrends influence much of higher education, other critical trends will impact K-12 Education both presently and as anticipated in the years to come (Hughes, 2017).
Yet, another source agrees that education taught through technology will transform learning. “Technology created with education will transform how people are taught” (Hughes, 2017, p.12).
Hughes also brings up other agreed-upon international K-12 trends. For example:
- Specific Skills Employment: Many jobs will be replaced by technology, so that leaves employment with greater skills and higher degrees, like those in the STEM programs. Educational programs will have to be made available to students (2017, p.14).
- English as a Medium of Instruction (EMI): In the United States, ESOL (English as a Second Language) is taught as part of the curriculum as the U.S., as well as other countries, realizes that knowing the language is still a linguistic, economic, and pedagogical necessity (2017, p.16).
- Student-Centered Experiences, Environments, and Education: Schools and universities are discovering that students in educational environments that are student-centered and combined with creativity, innovation, design, and performance will have a more enriched and empowered education and are more likely to stay in K-12 and continue through school into post high school education (Patrick, 2015).
- Increasing Cross-Cultural Diversity: Identifying, recognizing, punishing, and banning situations of clear racism and discrimination, and creating a society where cultural diversity is accepted and taught (Parker, 2013).
US Department of Education Building
Understanding the trends that drive the forces behind the education field globally will help the American society comprehend what pushes the deciding factors of the decision-makers in the U.S. Department of Education. The U.S.DOE’s goals and mission of incorporating these trends is based on the knowledge that these trends will assist in the empowering of future generations of students, provide for the inclusion and support of families, support the longitudinal views and foundation of administrations at the school level, and accept the necessary and approved changes made by policy makers at a district level.
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